Bruno Beger conducting anthropometric studies in Sikkim. The Aryan Master Race conceived by the Nazis graded humans on a scale of pure Aryans to non-Aryans who were viewed as subhumans. We are a master race, which must remember that the lowliest German worker is racially and biologically a thousand times more valuable than the population here.
Eugenics was a social theory popular among many scientists, philosophers, academics and writers in the early 20th century. Their fundamental belief was that human populations could be improved through manipulation of their genetic make-up.
Many governments had experimented with eugenics-driven policies long before the Nazis came to power. More than 64, Americans with mental illnesses were forcibly sterilised between the s and Other countries — such as Japan, Canada, Australia, Sweden, France and Switzerland — also dabbled in eugenics-based policies in the s and s.
Hitler, other Nazis and some German academics were also avid believers in eugenic pseudo-science. They thought of German society as a sick organism, its bloodstream contaminated by degenerate and undesirable elements. The Nazis believed the state should intervene to improve the health of its society — first to identify its contaminating elements, then to restrict their growth, then to eliminate them.
The first Nazi eugenics policy, the Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily-Diseased Offspring, was passed in Julysix months after Hitler became chancellor. It required German doctors to register all genetically-related illnesses, in all patients other than women over Examples of reportable cases were mental retardation, schizophrenia, manic-depression, blindness and deafness, or other severe physical deformities.
Sterilisation orders were handed down so rapidly that state hospitals did not have the operating theatres or staff to keep up. The vast majority of sterilised patients were suffering from mental illness or deformity. Couples wishing to marry had to first obtain a certificate from the public health office, declaring the proposed marriage would not produce genetically impure offspring.
Germans with genetic disorders or disabilities were only given permission to marry if they volunteered for sterilisation. The law also allowed the Nazi bureaucracy to collect a considerable amount of information about the racial and genetic make-up of its citizens.
Its long-term plan was to compile a racial and genetic blueprint of the entire nation a project never completed because of World War II. The final, most drastic phase of the Nazi eugenics program was euthanasia.
Killing the unhealthy to protect public health had been proposed as early asby two German writers: While many Nazis supported introducing euthanasia, Hitler was wary, because he knew approving the medical killing of the disabled would generate considerable public opposition.
In Hitler told his inner circle that euthanasia was a policy that would have to wait until wartime when it could be introduced with less fuss. By Hitler was confident enough to authorise a trial euthanasia program. This may have been triggered by an emotional letter, written to the Fuhrer by a Herr Knauer the previous year.
In mid Hitler ordered a hand-picked group of doctors to prepare a euthanasia schedule for similarly deformed children. The German eugenics program was constructed and implemented by physicians, scientists, who were professors at major universities, heads of departments, writers of established textbooks, research institutes.
They were joined by legal experts, also at the top of their profession. What distinguished Germany from Britain or the US was that the political climate under the Nazis made it possible for [them] to put together and implement programs that could not be put forward elsewhere.
This memo unleashed Aktion T4: Aktion T4 was preceded by a vigorous propaganda campaign, intended to prepare the public and lessen sympathy for its victims. Posters depicted cripples and lunatics as drains on the state; they took up valuable resources needed for front-line soldiers and hungry children.
Each disabled person, these posters claimed, cost the state 60, Reichmarks, a burden carried by the German taxpayer. Aktion T4 began with the killing of disabled children, who were dispatched by starvation or cocktails of lethal drugs. The euthanasing of adult patients began in hospitals in occupied Poland, then spread into Germany proper.
The scientific and political movement of “racial hygiene” is on many levels linked to the development of Nazism and Fascism with their racist medical philosophies, the segregation and sterilization laws, as well as later the murderous Nazi euthanasia program. The use of eugenics, or “racial hygiene” by the Nazi regime. Hitler’s intention as a political leader was to expand his empire and create a world government. Eugenics (/ j uː ˈ dʒ ɛ n ɪ k s /; from Greek εὐγενής eugenes 'well-born' from εὖ eu, 'good, well' and γένος genos, 'race, stock, kin') is a set of beliefs and practices that aims at improving the genetic quality of a human population. The exact definition of eugenics has been a matter of debate since the term was coined by Francis Galton in
In places where Catholic doctors and nurses refused to carry out the killings, special T4 squads were sent in to take over. The Nazis initially attempted to keep Aktion T4 a secret, listing phoney causes of death on official paperwork — but most Germans were aware of what was occurring.
Aktion T4 continued until Augustwhen Hitler suspended it, largely because of a chorus of public complaints. The program had taken the lives of between 80, andpatients.The racial element in völkisch philosophy meant that is was, in its later development, strongly associated with eugenics and racial hygiene.
The 'Archiv' sought to attract a wide variety of articles bearing on the 'optimal' preservation and development of the race. The racial policy of Nazi Germany was a set of policies and laws implemented in Nazi Germany (–45) based on a specific racist doctrine asserting the superiority of the Aryan race, which claimed scientific legitimacy.
The use of eugenics, or “racial hygiene” by the Nazi regime. Hitler’s intention as a political leader was to expand his empire and create a world government. Using the war as a preface to the mass genocide inflicted upon not only several racial and religious groups. Eugenics and Racial Hygiene: The Connections between the United States and Germany Nicholas Baker [email protected] Follow this and additional works at:plombier-nemours.com Part of theEuropean History Commons This Paper is brought to you for free and open access by the Department of History at Digital [email protected]
Nazi Eugenics and Racial Hygiene Essay - The Nazi’s perpetrated many horrors during the Holocaust.
They enacted many cruel laws. They brainwashed millions into foolishly following them and believing their every word using deceitful propaganda tactics. As a result of the meeting the Permanent International Commission of Eugenics was created, which hugely influenced the German Racial Hygiene Movement.
During the First World War America was the strongest power in the eugenics movement, and the German eugenicists thus followed American progress closely.