Psychology of gender

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Psychology of gender

Leave a reply For years, the Caribbean has been plagued with the pervasive and enduring problem of gender inequality. It implies that men and women are valued differently and do not have equal rights, responsibilities, resources and opportunities in the home, school and wider society.

Gender inequality often stems from deeply ingrained gender stereotypes in our societies. These stereotypes, or beliefs about the general characteristics of persons belonging to each gender, are learnt primarily through gender socialization and the assignment of gender roles.

The family is the primary agent of socialization and it is here that the seeds of gender inequality are sown. The simple formula put forth by Chevannes is this: From an early age, children are socialized into these norms and gender divisions.

Their toys are usually sex-typed, for example, little girls are often given dolls and kitchen utensils while boys are given trucks and water-guns. In some countries of the Caribbean, for example on the Windward and Leeward islands, it is a common occurrence for boys to be waited Psychology of gender by females resulting in their failure to assume domestic responsibilities.

When they are assigned duties, these are usually outdoor tasks, whereas the females are responsible for indoor chores.

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Of course, the Caribbean is not a homogenous society and as such, there exists different family forms within it. Yet there is no denying the fact that the Caribbean is a patriarchal society in which power, status and privilege are bestowed upon men, and where masculinity is valued more than femininity.

Thus, within most of the Caribbean family types, we still see evidence of gender inequality, with males often being the dominant members.

In nuclear families, for example, as well as in the common law and visiting unions, the male assumes the role of head. He wields more authority than the woman and is in most cases the disciplinarian.

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The only family type in which the male is not very dominant is the matrifocal family in which the woman is the focal point; males are either absent or largely marginalized. Despite the absence of the male, however, it is likely that boys and girls will still be socialized into culturally accepted gender roles by their mothers, close relatives and the media.

Indo-Caribbean families tend to be more extended than Afro-Caribbean families but they are also highly patriarchal in nature. The male is viewed as the head of the family with whom all power and authority rests. Domestic violence is further evidence of the gender inequality that exists in the home.

Psychology of gender

While domestic violence can occur for a number of different reasons, men often engage in wife beating, the most common form of domestic violence, because of their belief in male supremacy Ffolkes, A lot of Caribbean men believe that they are entitled to have power over their women and that their wives are, in effect, their property.

We also see evidence of gender inequality in the intimate relationships between men and women, and in areas relating to sexuality. Males are also allowed to engage in sexual activity at an earlier age than females. Furthermore, as Allen argues, many Caribbean women do not usually have the power to determine when and how they have sex.

Gender inequalities might start in the home but they are perpetuated by other social institutions, one of which is the school. Gender segregation is first of all evident in the selection of academic courses by students. Subjects such as English Literature, home economics and the range of business subjects continue to be female dominated, while the sciences, information technology and vocational-technical subjects tend to be male-dominated.

The implicit practices include the expectations of teachers and parents, as well as peer pressure, all of which are based on the gender stereotypes existing in the wider society.

The explicit practices are most evident in single-sex schools. The curriculum in single-sex schools usually includes only some of the possible subject areas. Although the situation is changing in some schools in the region, it is still the trend across many.

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The textbooks used in Caribbean schools also perpetuate gender inequality. Furthermore, more males than females had occupations in these texts, with more males in administrative, executive and managerial positions, and most of the females engaging in unskilled work.

According to Draytonthese texts present women as more intelligent and inventive than women, and as the ones who should take the lead in our societies. It is interesting to note also, that despite the fact that female teachers outnumber male teachers in most, if not all, Caribbean schools, the top management positions, for example that of principal, are usually occupied by males.

Augustine campus, for a number of school years between andfound that at this level, males are also dominant in administration.TPSYCH Introduction to Psychology (5) I&S Surveys major areas of psychological science, including human social behavior, personality, psychological disorders and treatment, learning, memory, human development, biological influences, and research methods.

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Bring on the . “The Psychology of Gender” will provide students with an introduction to gender studies and a broad survey of women’s movements, men’s movements, and the psychology of gender. Students will be challenged to critically evaluate research examining sex differences and ways in which gender is constructed within society.

School Psychology Awareness Week School Psychology Awareness Week (SPAW) is November 12–16, Adaptable resources and suggested activities are now available online to help you start planning your week. color preferences differ by the age of the participant.

Birren states in his book that blue and red maintain a high preference throughout life, but colors seem to drop down the .

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